Cybernetics

This encyclopedia entry is in preparation.

Related publications (195)

Abraham T. H. (2012) Transcending disciplines: Scientific styles in studies of the brain in mid-twentieth century America. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43(2): 552–568. https://cepa.info/3935

Aerts D. (2005) Ceci n’est pas Heinz von Foerster. Constructivist Foundations 1(1): 13–18. https://cepa.info/3

Agrawalla R. K. (2015) When Newton meets Heinz Von Foerster, complexity vanishes and simplicity reveals. Kybemetes 44(8/9): 1193–1206. https://cepa.info/6256

Alroe H. F. (2016) Three Levels of Semiosis: Three Kinds of Kinds. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(2): 23–38. https://cepa.info/3353

Andrew A. M. (2004) Questions about constructivism. Kybernetes 33(9/10): 1392–1395. https://cepa.info/2628

Andrew A. M. (2005) Artificial neural nets and BCL. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 33–39. https://cepa.info/5168

Anger-Díaz B. (2005) Heinz von Foerster and my brief therapy work at the MRI. Kybernetes 34(3–4): 353–359. https://cepa.info/7358

Arbib M. A. (2018) From cybernetics to brain theory, and more: A memoir. Cognitive Systems Research 50: 83–145. https://cepa.info/5846

Arnoldi J. (2006) Autopoiesis. Theory, Culture & Society 23(2–3): 116–117. https://cepa.info/6282

Baecker D. (1997) Reintroducing communication into cybernetics. Systemica 11: 11–29. https://cepa.info/2930

Baecker D. (2001) Why systems?. Theory, Culture & Society 18(1): 59–74. https://cepa.info/6281

Balsemão Pires E. (2016) Second order ethics as therapy. Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken. https://cepa.info/4578

Barnes G. (1996) What you get is what you see: A contribution to an epistemology of imagination. Systems Research 13(3): 215–228. https://cepa.info/3755

Barnes G. (2001) Voices of sanity in the conversation of psychotherapy. Kybernetes 30(5/6): 526–550. https://cepa.info/6885

Baron P. (2014) Overcoming obstacles in learning cybernetic psychology. Kybernetes 43(9/10): 1301–1309. https://cepa.info/2992

Baron P. (2018) Heterarchical Reflexive Conversational Teaching and Learning as a Vehicle for Ethical Engineering Curriculum Design. Constructivist Foundations 13(3): 309–319. https://cepa.info/5286

Beer S. (2002) What is cybernetics?. Kybernetes 31(2): 209–219. https://cepa.info/4319

Bernard-Weil E. (1994) The presence of Norbert Wiener in both order cybernetics. Kybernetes 23(6/7): 133–143. https://cepa.info/4232

Biggiero L. (2018) Providing sound theoretical roots to sustainability science: Systems science and (second-order) cybernetics. Sustainability Science 13(5): 1323–1335. https://cepa.info/6220

Bissell C. C. (2011) Hermann Schmidt and German “proto-cybernetics”. Information , Communication & Society 14(1): 156–171. https://cepa.info/2921

Bopry J. (2007) The give and take between semiotics and second-order cybernetics. Semiotica 164(1/4): 31–51. https://cepa.info/4150

Brier S. (1996) From second-order cybernetics to cybersemiotics: A semiotic re-entry into the second-order cybernetics of Heinz von Foerster. Systems Research 13(3): 229–244. https://cepa.info/3989

Brier S. (1997) What is a possible ontological and epistemological framework for a true universal “information science”? The suggestion of a cybersemiotics. World Futures: The Journal of New Paradigm Research 49(3–4): 287–308. https://cepa.info/4750

Brier S. (1998) Cybersemiotics: A transdisciplinary framework for information studies. BioSystems 46: 185–191. https://cepa.info/5331

Brier S. (2003) The cybersemiotic model of communication: An evolutionary view on the threshold between semiosis and informational exchange. tripleC 1(1): 71–94. https://cepa.info/3625

Brier S. (2009) Cybersemiotic Pragmaticism and Constructivism. Constructivist Foundations 5(1): 19-39. https://cepa.info/141

Brocklesby J. & Mingers J. (2005) The use of the concept autopoiesis in the theory of viable systems. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 22(1): 3–9. https://cepa.info/2808

Cannizzaro S. (2014) Transdisciplinarity for the 21st Century: Biosemiotics as Systems Theory. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 21(3): 45–59. https://cepa.info/3347

Cariani P. (1993) To evolve an ear: Epistemological implications of Gordon Pask’s electrochemical devices. Systems Research 10(3): 19–33. https://cepa.info/2836

Cariani P. (2001) Symbols and dynamics in the brain. BioSystems 60(1–3): 59–83. https://cepa.info/4139

Cariani P. (2010) Onwards and Upwards, Radical Constructivism. A Guest Commentary. Constructivist Foundations 6(1): 127–132. https://cepa.info/182

Cariani P. (2015) Outline of a cybernetic theory of brain function based on neural timing nets. Kybernetes 44(8/9): 1219–1232. https://cepa.info/4141

Cariani P. (2015) Sign functions in natural and artificial systems. In: Trifonas P. P. (ed.) International handbook of semioticsSpringer, Dordrecht: 917–950. https://cepa.info/4142

Cecchin G., Barbetta P. & Toffanetti D. (2005) Who was von Foerster, anyway?. Kybernetes 34(3/4): 330–342. https://cepa.info/6309

Ceruti M. & Damiano L. (2018) Plural embodiment(s) of mind: Genealogy and guidelines for a radically embodied approach to mind and consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 9: 2204. https://cepa.info/5611

Clarke B. (2019) Finding cybernetics. World Futures 75(1–2): 17–28. https://cepa.info/6240

Damiano L. & Cañamero L. (2012) The frontier of synthetic knowledge: Toward a constructivist science. World Futures 68(3): 171–177. https://cepa.info/6230

Densmore S. B. (2015) Autopoiesis and the Phenomenology of Recurring Problems: An Exploration of the Problem-Space in Everyday Human Experience. . https://cepa.info/2325

Dougall C. (2000) Reconstructing Maturana: Metaphysics and method. Kybernetes 29(4): 491–498. https://cepa.info/3088

Drack M. & Pouvreau D. (2015) On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s “General Systemology”, and on its relationship to cybernetics. Part III: Convergences and divergences. International Journal of General Systems 44(5): 523–571. https://cepa.info/4720

Dubberly H. & Pangaro P. (2015) Cybernetics and Design: Conversations for Action. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(2–3): 73–82. https://cepa.info/3529

Dunbar-Hester C. (2001) Listening to cybernetics: Music, machines, and nervous systems, 1950–1980. Science Technology Human Values 35(1): 113–139. https://cepa.info/2931

Dupuy J.-P. (2018) Cybernetics is an antihumanism: Technoscience and the rebellion against the human condition. In: Loeve S., Guchet X. & Bensaude Vincent B. (eds.) French philosophy of technology: Classical readings and contemporary approachesSpringer, Cham: 139–156. https://cepa.info/7140

Espejo R. (2004) The footprint of complexity: The embodiment of social systems. Kybernetes 33(3/4): 671–700. https://cepa.info/6840

Esposito E. (1996) Observing objects and programming objects. Systems Research 13(3): 251–260. https://cepa.info/3973

Fischer T. (2016) In Ranulph’s Terms. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(1): 87–97. https://cepa.info/3546

Franchi S. (2013) Homeostats for the 21st Century? Simulating Ashby Simulating the Brain. Constructivist Foundations 9(1): 93–101. https://cepa.info/968

Franchi S., Güzeldere G. & Minch E. (2005) From Vienna to California: A journey across disciplines. An interview with Heinz von Foerster. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 15–32. https://cepa.info/5167

Froese T. (2021) Epilogue to “Questioning Life and Cognition” by John Stewart. Adaptive Behavior: online first. https://cepa.info/7192

Galuszka F. (2019) The league. World Futures 75(1–2): 29–37. https://cepa.info/6231

Garland E. L. (2007) The meaning of mindfulness: A second-order cybernetics of stress, metacognition, and coping. Complementary Health Practice Review 12(1): 15. https://cepa.info/4098

Gasparyan D. (2016) Consciousness as Self-Description in Differences. Constructivist Foundations 11(3): 539–549. https://cepa.info/2871

Geyer F. (1992) Autopoiesis and social systems – 1. International Journal of General Systems 21(2): 175–183. https://cepa.info/2812

Geyer F. (2002) The march of self-reference. Kybernetes 31(7/8): 1021–1042. https://cepa.info/4707

Ghosal A. (1999) Second order cybernetics: Implications in real life. Kybernetes 28(4): 377–384. https://cepa.info/3000

Glanville R. (1982) Inside every white box there are two black boxes trying to get out. Behavioural Science 12(1): 1–11. https://cepa.info/2365

Glanville R. (2001) An observing science. Special Issue “The Impact of Radical Constructivism on Science” edited by Alexander Riegler. Foundations of Science 6(1–3): 45–75. https://cepa.info/3636

Glanville R. (2001) And he was magic. Kybernetes 30(5/6): 652–673. https://cepa.info/6217

Glanville R. (2004) The purpose of second-order cybernetics. Kybernetes 33(9/10): 1379–1386. https://cepa.info/2294

Glanville R. (2008) Second order cybernetics. Revised version. In: Parra-Luna F. (ed.) Systems science and cybernetics. Encyclopedia of life support systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCOEolss Publishers, Paris: Web publication. https://cepa.info/2708

Glasersfeld E. von & Pisani P. (1968) The Multistore system MP-2. The Georgia Institute for Research, Athens GA. https://cepa.info/1305

Glasersfeld E. von & Pisani P. (1970) The Multistore parser for hierarchical syntactic structures. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 13(2): 74–82. https://cepa.info/1309

Glasersfeld E. von & Terzi P. (1965) Automatic English sentence analysis. Final Report. AFOSR Grant AF EOAR 64–54. IDAMI Language Research Section, Milan. https://cepa.info/1301

Glasersfeld E. von & Varela F. J. (1985) Problems of knowledge and cognizing organisms. Aprendizagem/Desenvolvimento (Learning and Development) 2(6): 17–23. https://cepa.info/1379

Glasersfeld E. von (1962) First draft of an English input procedure for mechanical translation. Methodos 14(54): 47–79. https://cepa.info/1295

Glasersfeld E. von (1963) Probleme der maschinellen Übersetzung. Beiträge zur Sprachkunde und Informationsverarbeitung 3: 33–47. https://cepa.info/1297

Glasersfeld E. von (1964) A project for automatic sentence analysis. Beiträge zur Sprachkunde und Informationsverarbeitung 4: 38–46. https://cepa.info/1298

Glasersfeld E. von (1965) Multistore: A procedure for correlational analysis. Automazione e Automatismi 9(2): 5–28. https://cepa.info/1300

Glasersfeld E. von (1976) Cybernetics and cognitive development. Cybernetics Forum 8: 115–120. https://cepa.info/1333

Glasersfeld E. von (1978) Another minor revision, or the disregard for control theory and the analysis of inductive feedback systems. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1(1): 79–80. https://cepa.info/1341

Glasersfeld E. von (1979) Cybernetics, experience, and the concept of self. In: Ozer M. N. (ed.) A cybernetic approach to the assessment of children: Toward a more humane use of human beingsWestview Press, Boulder CO: 67–113. https://cepa.info/1346

Glasersfeld E. von (1981) Declaration of the American Society for Cybernetics. American Society of Cybernetics Newsletter 24: 1–4. https://cepa.info/1355

Glasersfeld E. von (1981) Feedback, induction, and epistemology. In: Lasker G. E. (ed.) Applied systems and cybernetics. Volume 2: Systems concepts, models and methodologyPergamon Press, New York: 712–719. https://cepa.info/1359

Glasersfeld E. von (1988) Should cybernetics be useful?. Continuing the Conversation 12: 5. https://cepa.info/1400

Glasersfeld E. von (1988) The cybernetic basis of behavior. Continuing the Conversation 16: 5–6. https://cepa.info/1405

Glasersfeld E. von (1991) Knowing in self-regulating organisms (A constructivist approach). In: Umpleby S. A. & Sadovsky V. N. (eds.) A science of goal formulationHemisphere, New York: 1–8. https://cepa.info/1426

Glasersfeld E. von (1994) Wiener’s insight into communication. Kybernetes 23(6/7): 21–22. https://cepa.info/1454

Glasersfeld E. von (1996) Cybernetics and the art of living. Cybernetics and Systems 27(6): 489–497. https://cepa.info/1480

Glasersfeld E. von (1997) A cybernetician before cybernetics. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 14(2): 137–139. https://cepa.info/1486

Glasersfeld E. von (1997) A postscript to Kenneth Boulding. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 14(3): 221–224. https://cepa.info/1490

Glasersfeld E. von (1997) In Memory of a Pioneer, Silvio Ceccato, 1914–1997. Methodologia Working Papers 91. https://cepa.info/1489

Glasersfeld E. von (1998) Anticipation in the constructivist theory of cognition. In: Dubois D. M. (ed.) Computing anticipatory systemsAmerican Institute of Physics, Woodbury NY: 38–47. https://cepa.info/1496

Glasersfeld E. von (1999) The cybernetic insights of Jean Piaget. Cybernetics and Systems 30(2): 105–112. https://cepa.info/1503

Glasersfeld E. von (2000) Reflections on cybernetics. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 7(1): 93–95. https://cepa.info/1519

Glasersfeld E. von (2001) Remembering Gordon Pask. Kybernetes 30(7/8): 970. https://cepa.info/1537

Glasersfeld E. von (2002) Cybernetics and the theory of knowledge. In: UNESCO Encyclopedia, Section on System Science and CyberneticsEolss Publishers, Oxford UK. https://cepa.info/1542

Glasersfeld E. von (2003) Foreword. In: Butz M. V., Olivier S. & Gérard P. (eds.) Anticipatory behavior in adaptive systems: Foundations, theories and systemsSpringer, Berlin: v-vi. https://cepa.info/1545

Glasersfeld E. von (2005) Informationsübertragung, Konzeptuelle Semantik, Kybernetik, Objektivität, Wissen als Konstruk, Zeitkonzept. In: Tsvasman L. R. (ed.) Das große Lexikon, Medien und KommunikationErgon, Würzburg: 145, 211, 212, 2. https://cepa.info/1557

Glasersfeld E. von (2005) Preface: Founder of the second order. Kybernetes 34(3/4): 319–320. https://cepa.info/1556

Glasersfeld E. von, Burns J., Pisani P., Notarmarco B. & Dutton B. (1966) Automatic English sentence analysis. Final Report. AFOSR Grant 65–76. IDAMI Language Research Section, Milan. https://cepa.info/1304

Halsall F. (2012) Niklas Luhmann and the body. The New Bioethics: A Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body 18(1): 4–20. https://cepa.info/4751

Hayles N. K. & Pulizzi J. J. (2010) Narrating consciousness: Language, media and embodiment. History of the Human Sciences 23(3): 131–148. https://cepa.info/6291

Herr C. M. & Fischer T. (2013) Systems for Showing and Repurposing: A Second-Order Cybernetic Reflection on Some Cellular Automata Projects. Journal of Mathematics and System Science 3: 201–216. https://cepa.info/2323

Herr C. M. (2015) The big picture: Connecting design, second order cybernetics and radical constructivism. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(2–3): 107–114. https://cepa.info/2468

Herr C. M. (2019) Constructing cybernetic thinking, Design, and education. In: Fischer T. & Herr C. M. (eds.) Design cybernetics: Navigating the newSpringer, Cham: 153–170. https://cepa.info/6408

Honkela T. (2005) Von Foerster meets Kohonen: Approaches to artificial intelligence, cognitive science and information systems development. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 40–53. https://cepa.info/5169

Jonas W. (2007) Research through DESIGN through research: A cybernetic model of designing design foundations. Kybernetes 36(9/10): 1362–1380. https://cepa.info/4723

Jones J. (2005) The Cybersemiotic Roots Of Computation: A Critique of the Computational Model of Cognition. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 12(3): 7–29. https://cepa.info/3289

Julià P. (2000) Observer or self-observer in second-order cybernetics?. Kybernetes 29(5/6): 770–786. https://cepa.info/4650

Kadri F. L. (2019) Are all observations measurements?. Kybernetes 48(4): 782–792. https://cepa.info/7098

Kauffman L. H. (2005) EigenForm. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 129–150. https://cepa.info/1271

Kauffman L. H. (2009) Reflexivity and Eigenform: The Shape of Process. Constructivist Foundations 4(3): 121–137. https://cepa.info/133

Kauffman L. H. (2016) Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science. Constructivist Foundations 11(3): 489–497. https://cepa.info/2856

Kauffman L. H. (2016) Remembrance of Things Past. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(1): 78–86. https://cepa.info/3530

Kauffman L. H. (2017) Eigenform and Reflexivity. Constructivist Foundations 12(3): 246–252. https://cepa.info/4162

Kauffman L. K. (2017) A concise approach to eigenform and reflexivity. Kybernetes 46(1): 1542–1554. https://cepa.info/4567

Kjellman A. (2006) The crisis of contemporary science. Kybernetes 35(3/4): 497–521. https://cepa.info/2173

Kline R. (2009) Where are the cyborgs in cybernetics?. Social Studies of Science 39: 331–362. https://cepa.info/2936

Kordes U. (2005) A peaceful coexistence of epistemologies: Philosophy from the constructivist’s point of view. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 295–305. https://cepa.info/5172

Krippendorff K. & Clemson B. (2016) Merger of Two Strategic (Ir)reconcilables, 1962–1980. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(1): 10–18. https://cepa.info/3317

Krippendorff K. (1996) A second-order cybernetics of otherness. Systems Research 13(3): 311–328. https://cepa.info/4817

Krippendorff K. (2009) Conversation: Possibilities of its Repair and Descent into Discourse and Computation. Constructivist Foundations 4(3): 138–150. https://cepa.info/134

Krippendorff K. (2019) My scholarly life in cybernetics. World Futures 75(1–2): 69–91. https://cepa.info/6245

Leonard A. (2016) Recollections of My Years as ASC President: 2002–2004. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(1): 73–77. https://cepa.info/3511

Lepskiy V. (2018) Evolution of cybernetics: Philosophical and methodological analysis. Kybernetes 47(2): 249–261. https://cepa.info/4649

Letiche H. (2017) Researcher reflexivity: What it is and what it can be. Kybernetes 46(9): 1555–1563. https://cepa.info/4652

Limone A. & Bastias L. E. (2006) Autopoiesis and knowledge in the organization: Conceptual foundation for authentic knowledge management. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 23: 39–49. https://cepa.info/3934

Livet P. (2004) La notion de récursivité, de la première cybernétique au connexionnisme [The concept of recursivity, from the first cybernetics to connectionism]. Intellectica 39: 125–137. https://cepa.info/4362

Martin R. J. (2015) Second-Order cybernetics, Radical Constructivism, and the Biology of Cognition: Paradigms Struggling to Bring About Change. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(2–3): 169–182. https://cepa.info/2467

Maturana H. R. (2005) The origin and conservation of self-consciousness: Reflections on four questions by Heinz von Foerster. In: Riegler A. (ed.) Heinz von Foerster – in memoriam. Kybernetes: The International Journal of Systems & Cybernetics 34(1–2): 54–88. https://cepa.info/702

Moreno-Díaz R. & Moreno-Díaz A. (2007) On the legacy of W. S. McCulloch. BioSystems 88(3): 185–190. https://cepa.info/3782

Mossio M. & Bich L. (2014) La circularité biologique: Concepts et modèles. In: Varenne F., Silberstein M., Dutreuil S. & Huneman P. (eds.) Modéliser et simuler: Epistémologies et pratiques de la modélisation et de la simulation. Volume 2Editions Matériologiques, Paris: 137–170. https://cepa.info/4490

Možina M. (2019) Epistemology of hallucinations and hearing voices: The contribution of constructivism and neurophenomenology. Slovenska revija za psihoterapijo Kairos 13(3–4): 27–71. https://cepa.info/6838

Mulej M., Potocan V., Zenko Z., Kajzer S., Ursic D., Knez-Riedl J., Lynn M. & Ovsenik J. (2004) How to restore Bertalanffian systems thinking. Kybernetes 33(1): 48–61. https://cepa.info/4637

Müller A. (2015) Avec un “s”: Histories of cybernetics and the ASC. Kybernetes 44(8/9): 1341–1349. https://cepa.info/2626

Müller A. (2017) Jean Piaget und die Erfindung von Radikalem Konstruktivismus und Kybernetik Zweiter Ordnung. In: Kanzian C., Kletzl S., Mitterer J. & Neges K. (eds.) Realism – relativism – constructivismDe Gruyter, Berlin: 73–82. https://cepa.info/4200

Müller H. F. J. (2007) Epistemology Returns to Its Roots. Constructivist Foundations 2(2-3): 72–80. https://cepa.info/32

Müller K. H. & Riegler A. (2014) Second-Order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 7–15. https://cepa.info/1148

Müller K. H. & Riegler A. (2016) Mapping the Varieties of Second-Order Cybernetics. Constructivist Foundations 11(3): 443–454. https://cepa.info/2847

Müller K. H. (2015) A silent revolution in reflexivity. Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics 13(6): 70–81. https://cepa.info/2790

Müller K. H. (2015) De profundis. Ranulph Glanville’s transcendental framework for second-order cybernetics. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(2/3): 27–47. https://cepa.info/2699

Müller K. H. (2016) Second-Order Science and New Cybernetics. In: Carayannis E. G., Campbell D. F. J. & Efthymiopoulos M. P. (eds.) Handbook of Cyber-Development, Cyber-Democracy and Cyber-DefenseSpringer, Berlin: in press. https://cepa.info/2295

Pangaro P. (2001) THOUGHTSTICKER 1986: A personal history of conversation theory in software, and its progenitor, Gordon Pask. Kybernetes 30(5/6): 790–807. https://cepa.info/4809

Pangaro P. (2010) How Can I Put That? Applying Cybernetics to “Conversational Media”. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 17(1–2): 59–75. https://cepa.info/3405

Pangaro P. (2016) Why Do We Want To Live In Cybernetics?. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(2): 9–21. https://cepa.info/3318

Pangaro P. (2017) Questions for conversation theory or conversation theory in one hour. Kybernetes 46(9): 1578–1587. https://cepa.info/5179

Pangaro P. (2019) Winky Dink and me: Origins. World Futures 75(1–2): 38–48. https://cepa.info/6232

Pickering A. (2009) Psychiatry, synthetic brains and cybernetics in the work of W. Ross Ashby. International Journal of General Systems 38(2): 213–230. https://cepa.info/4129

Porr B. & Di Prodi P. (2014) Subsystem Formation Driven by Double Contingency. Constructivist Foundations 9(2): 199–211. https://cepa.info/1027

Porr B. & Wörgötter F. (2005) Inside embodiment: What means embodiment to radical constructivists?. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 105–117. https://cepa.info/5170

Powers W. T. & Glasersfeld E. von (1986) A control conversation. Continuing the Conversation 7: 3–4. https://cepa.info/1392

Ramage M. (2009) Norbert and Gregory. Two strands of cybernetics.. Information, Communication & Society 12(5): 735–749. https://cepa.info/2457

Rawes P. (2007) Second-order cybernetics, architectural drawing and monadic thinking. Kybernetes 36(9/10): 1486–1496. https://cepa.info/2939

Reichel A. (2017) From hardware to hardcore: Formalizing systems with form theory. International Journal of Systems and Society 4(1): 37–48. https://cepa.info/4258

Richards L. D. & Young R. K. (1996) Propositions on cybernetics and social transformation: Implications of von Foerster’s non-trivial machine for knowledge processes. Systems Research 13(3): 363–370. https://cepa.info/2788

Richards L. D. (2007) Connecting Radical Constructivism to Social Transformation and Design. Constructivist Foundations 2(2-3): 129–135. https://cepa.info/40

Richards L. D. (2016) A history of the history of cybernetics: An agenda for an ever-changing present. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 23(1): 42–49. https://cepa.info/2781

Riegler A. (2005) Act always so as to increase the number of scientific perspectives. Introduction to the Heinz von Foerster volume. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 6–14. https://cepa.info/1780

Robb F. (1989) Cybernetics and suprahuman autopoietic systems. Systems Practice 2(1): 47–74. https://cepa.info/2739

Scholte T. (2018) Toward a systems theatre: Proposal for a program of non-trivial modeling. Futures 103: 94–105. https://cepa.info/6794

Scholte T. (2020) A proposal for the role of the arts in a new phase of second-order cybernetics. Kybernetes 49(8): 2153–2170. https://cepa.info/6795

Scott B. & Bansal A. (2013) A Cybernetic Computational Model for Learning and Skill Acquisition. Constructivist Foundations 9(1): 125–136. https://cepa.info/977

Scott B. & Bansal A. (2014) Learning about learning: A cybernetic model of skill acquisition. Kybernetes 43(9/10): 1399–1411. https://cepa.info/1283

Scott B. & Shurville S. (2011) What is a symbol?. Kybernetes 48(1/2): 12–22. https://cepa.info/1791

Scott B. (2000) Cybernetic explanation and development. Kybernetes 29(7/8): 966–994. https://cepa.info/1807

Scott B. (2000) The cybernetics of systems of belief. Kybernetes 29(7/8): 995–998. https://cepa.info/1808

Scott B. (2001) Cybernetics and the social sciences. Systems Research 18: 411–420. https://cepa.info/1804

Scott B. (2001) Gordon Pask’s contributions to psychology. Kybernetes 30(7/8): 891–901. https://cepa.info/1805

Scott B. (2004) Second order cybernetics: An historical introduction. Kybernetes 33(9/10): 1365–1378. https://cepa.info/1798

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Scott B. (2006) Reflexivity revisited: the sociocybernetics of belief, meaning, truth and power. Kybernetes 35(3/4): 308–316. https://cepa.info/1797

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