This encyclopedia entry is in preparation.

Related publications (164)

Abramova E. & Slors M. (2018) Mechanistic explanation for enactive sociality. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18(2): 401–424.

Abramova E., Slors M. & van Rooij I. (2017) Enactive mechanistic explanation of social cognition. In: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science SocietyCognitive Science Society, Austin TX: 45–50.

Alrøe H. F. & Noe E. (2014) Second-Order Science of Interdisciplinary Research: A Polyocular Framework for Wicked Problems. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 65–76.

Anderson M. L., Richardson M. J. & Chemero A. (2012) Eroding the boundaries of cognition: Implications of embodiment. Topics in Cognitive Science 4(4): 717–730.

Arango A. (2019) Social enactivism about perception – reply to McGann. Adaptive Behavior 27(2): 161–162.

Baxter H. (2013) Niklas Luhmann’s theory of autopoietic legal systems. Annual Review of Law and Social Science 9: 167–184.

Bednarz J. Jr. (1988) Autopoiesis: The organizational closure of social systems. Systems Research 5(1): 57–64.

Belbase S. (2014) Radical versus social constructivism: An epistemological-pedagogical dilemma. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 1(2): 98–112.

Buchinger E. (2012) Luhmann and the Constructivist Heritage: A Critical Reflection. Constructivist Foundations 8(1): 19–28.

Butz M. V. (2008) How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self. Constructivist Foundations 4(1): 1–14 & 32–37.

Bächtold M. (2013) What do students “construct” according to constructivism in science education?. Research in Science Education 43(6): 2477–2496.

Cadenas H. & Arnold M. (2015) The Autopoiesis of Social Systems and its Criticisms. Constructivist Foundations 10(2): 169–176.

Canaparo C. (2012) Migration and radical constructivist epistemology. Crossings Journal of Migration and Culture 3(2): 181–200.

Carrier N. (2008) Speech for the defense of a radically constructivist sociology of (criminal) law. International Journal of Law. Crime and Justice 36(3): 168–183.

Carvalho E. M. D. (2021) The shared know-how in Linguistic Bodies. Filosofia Unisinos 22(1): 94–101.

Castañon G. (2015) O que é construtivismo? [What is constructivism?]. Cadernos de História e Filosofia da Ciência, Campinas (Série 4) 1(2): 209–242.

Castañon G. A. (2005) Construtivismo e ciências humanas. Ciências e Cognição 5: 36–49.

Charlton M. C. (1993) Self-referential systems theory: A discussion of some theoretical developments. In: Stowell F. A., West D. & Howell J. G. (eds.) Systems science: Addressing global issuesSpringer, Boston MA: 631–635.

Chavalarias D. (2016) The unlikely encounter between von Foerster and Snowden: When second-order cybernetics sheds light on societal impacts of Big Data. Big Data & Society 3(1): 1–11.

Chryssides A., Dashtipour P., Keshet S., Righi C., Sammut G. & Sartawi M. (2009) We don’t share! The social representation approach, enactivism and the fundamental incompatibilities between the two. Culture & Psychology 15(1): 83–95.

Cromby J. (2004) Between constructionism and neuroscience: The societal co-construction of embodied subjectivity. Theory and Psychology 14(6): 797–821.

Cuffari E. C., Di Paolo E. & De Jaegher H. (2015) From participatory sense-making to language: There and back again. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14(4): 1089–1125.

Daanen P. (2009) Conscious and non-conscious representation in social representations theory: Social representations from the phenomenological point of view. Culture & Psychology 15(3): 372–385.

Dahlbohm B. (1992) The idea that reality is socially constructed. In: Floyd C. Z. H., Budde R. & Keil-Slawik R. (eds.) Software development and reality constructionSpringer-Verlag, Berlin: 101–126.

De Jaegher H. & Di Paolo E. (2007) Participatory sense-making: An enactive approach to social cognition. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6(4): 485–507.

De Jaegher H. & Di Paolo E. (2007) Participatory sensemaking. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6(4): 485–507.

De Jaegher H. & Froese T. (2009) On the role of social interaction in individual agency. Adaptive Behavior 17(5): 444–460.

De Jaegher H. (2013) Embodiment and sense-making in autism. Frontiers in Integrative neuroscience 7(15).

De Jaegher H. (2015) How we affect each other: Michel Henry’s “pathos-with” and the enactive approach to intersubjectivity. Journal of Consciousness Studies 22(1–2): 112–132.

De Jaegher H. (2018) The intersubjective turn. In: Newen A., De Bruin L. & Gallagher S. (eds.) The Oxford handbook of 4E cognitionOxford University Press, Oxford: 453–468.

De Jaegher H., Peräkylä A. & Stevanovic M. (2016) The co-creation of meaningful action: Bridging enaction and interactional sociology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 371(1693): 20150378.

Detel W. (2015) Social constructivism. In: Wright J. D. (ed.) International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences. Second editionElsevier, Amsterdam: 228–234.

Di Paolo E. & De Jaegher H. (2017) Neither individualistic nor interactionist. In: Durt C., Fuchs T. & Tewes C. (eds.) Embodiment, enaction, and cultureMIT Press, Cambridge MA: 87–105.

Di Paolo E. A., Rohde M. & lizuka H. (2008) Sensitivity to social contingency or stability of interaction?. New Ideas in Psychology, 26(2), 278294.

Dougall C. (2001) An Aristotelian solution to the problem of social autopoiesis. International Journal of General Systems 30(5): 561–584.

Drüeke R., Klaus E. & Thiele M. (2017) Eine Genealogie des Konstruktivismus in der kommunikationswissenschaftlichen Geschlechterforschung. M&K Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft 65(2): 219–235.

Dyer G., Jones J., Rowland G. & Zweifel S. (2015) The Banathy Conversation Methodology. Constructivist Foundations 11(1): 42–50.

Elder-Vass D. (2007) Luhmann and emergentism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37(4): 408–432.

Enslin M. (2013) Listening and Unentitled. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 20(1–2): 23–29.

Espejo R. (2004) The footprint of complexity: The embodiment of social systems. Kybernetes 33(3/4): 671–700.

Esposito E. (2017) Artificial communication? The production of contingency by algorithms. Zeitschrift für Soziologie 46(4): 249–65.

Fiebich A. (2019) Second workshop on enactive approaches to mind in health and disease. Adaptive Behavior 27(3): 181–182.

Fleischaker G. R. (1992) “Are osmotic or social systems autopoietic?” A reply in the negative. International Journal of General Systems 21(2): 163–173.

Foerster H. von (1996) La società industriale del futuro. Pluriverso 1(4): 109–115.

Froese T. & Di Paolo E. (2011) The enactive approach: Theoretical sketches from cell to society. Pragmatics and Cognition 19(1): 1–36.

Froese T. & Di Paolo E. A. (2009) Sociality and the life–mind continuity thesis. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8(4): 439–463.

Froese T. & Fuchs T. (2012) The extended body: A case study in the neurophenomenology of social interaction. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11: 205–235.

Froese T. & Gallagher S. (2012) Getting interaction theory (IT) together: Integrating developmental, phenomenological, enactive, and dynamical approaches to social interaction. Interaction Studies 13(3): 436–468.

Fuchs C. (2005) The Internet as a Self-Organizing Socio-Technological System. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 12(3): 37–81.

Gadenne V. (2017) Ist der Konstruktivismus selbstwidersprüchlich. In: Kanzian C., Kletzl S., Mitterer J. & Neges K. (eds.) Realism – relativism – constructivismDe Gruyter, Berlin: 31–43.

Gallagher S. & Allen M. (2018) Active inference, enactivism and the hermeneutics of social cognition. Synthese 195(6): 2627–2648.

Gallagher S. & Miyahara K. (2012) Neo-pragmatism and enactive intentionality. In: Schulkin J. (ed.) Action, perception and the brain: Adaptation and cephalic expressionPalgrave Macmillan, London: 117–146.

Gallagher S. (2008) Direct perception in the intersubjective context. Consciousness and Cognition 17(2): 535–543.

Gallagher S. (2013) The socially extended mind. Cognitive Systems Research 25: 4–12.

Gallagher S. (2016) Intercorporeity: Enaction, simulation, and the science of social cognition. In: Reynolds J. & Sebold R. (eds.) Phenomenology and sciencePalgrave Macmillan, New York: 161–179.

Gallagher S. (2018) Decentering the Brain: Embodied Cognition and the Critique of Neurocentrism and Narrow-Minded Philosophy of Mind. Constructivist Foundations 14(1): 8–21.

Gash H. & Murphy-Lejeune E. (2005) Children's perceptions of other cultures. In: Deegan J., Devine D. & Lodge A. (eds.) Primary voices: Equality diversity and childhood in irish primary schoolsInstitute of Public Administration, Dublin Ireland: 205–221.

Gash H. (2010) Realities in Radical Constructivism. Commentary on Johnson’s “Footprints in the Sand”. Constructivist Foundations 6(1): 100–101.

Gash H., Romeu N. I. & Pina J. A. L. (2004) Spanish and Irish images of special needs: Perceptions of inclusion. In: Walsh P. N. & Gash H. (eds.) Lives and Times: Practice Policy and People with disabilityWordwell, Dublin: 180–223.

Gergen K. (2014) Social constructionism. In: Teo T. (ed.) Encyclopedia of critical psychologySpringer, New York: 1772–1776.

Geyer F. (2002) The march of self-reference. Kybernetes 31(7/8): 1021–1042.

Gillett E. (1998) Relativism and the social constructivist paradigm. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 5: 37–48.

Glasersfeld E. von (2000) Problems of constructivism. In: Steffe L. P. & Thompson P. W. (eds.) Radical constructivism in action: Building on the pioneering work of Ernst von GlasersfeldRoutledge/Falmer, London: 3–9.

Goldspink C. & Kay R. (2004) Bridging the micro–macro divide: A new basis for social science. Human Relations 57(5): 597–618.

Goldstein B. (2021) Materialism and Selection Bias: Political Psychology from a Radical Constructivist Perspective. Constructivist Foundations 16(3): 327–338.

Halsall F. (2012) Niklas Luhmann and the body. The New Bioethics: A Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body 18(1): 4–20.

Heimstadt M. (2015) Societal Self-observation in the Time of Datafication: Interfunctional Analysis of the Chilean Open Data Web Portal. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(4): 57–73.

Hejl P. M. (2011) The Individual in Radical Constructivism. Some Critical Remarks from an Evolutionary Perspective. Constructivist Foundations 6(2): 227–234.

Hennig C. (2010) Mathematical models and reality: A constructivist perspective. Foundations of Science 15(1): 29–48.

Hepp A. & Hasebrink U. (2017) Kommunikative Figurationen: Ein konzeptioneller Rahmen zur Erforschung kommunikativer Konstruktionsprozesse in Zeiten tiefgreifender Mediatisierung. M&K Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft 65(2): 330–347.

Herschbach M. (2012) On the role of social interaction in social cognition: A mechanistic alternative to enactivism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11(4): 467–486.

Herting S. & Stein L. (2007) The evolution of Luhmann’s systems theory with focus on the constructivist influence. International Journal of General Systems 36(1): 1–17.

Hjorth A. & Wilensky U. (2014) Redesigning your city: A constructionist environment for urban planning education. Informatics in Education 13(2): 197–208.

Hoemann K., Xu F. & Barrett L. (2019) Emotion words, emotion concepts, and emotional development in children: A constructionist hypothesis. Developmental Psychology 55: 1830–1849.

Honkela T. (2005) Von Foerster meets Kohonen: Approaches to artificial intelligence, cognitive science and information systems development. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 40–53.

Izmirli I. M. (2014) Wittengstein’s language games and forms of life from a social constructivist point of view. American Journal of Educational Research 2(5): 291–298.

Jurgens A. & Kirchhoff M. D. (2019) Enactive social cognition: Diachronic constitution & coupled anticipation. Consciousness and Cognition 70: 1–10.

Karafillidis A. (2013) Comment: Socializing a Calculus: The Emergence of a Theory of Social Forms and a. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 20(3–4): 108–141.

Kawade Y. (2009) On the nature of the subjectivity of living things. Biosemiotics 2(2): 205–220.

Kenny V. (1992) On the subject of autopoiesis and its boundaries: Does the subject matter?. International Journal of General Systems 21(2): 187–196.

Kenny V. (2011) Continuous Dialogues. Ernst von Glasersfeld’s Answers to a Wide Variety of Questioners on the Oikos Web Site 1997–2010. Constructivist Foundations 6(2): 204–212.

Kesselring T. & Müller U. (2011) The concept of egocentrism in the context of Piaget’s theory. New Ideas in Psychology 29: 327–345.

Khalifa K. (2010) Social constructivism and the aims of science. Social Epistemology 24(1): 45–61.

Klassen A. (2018) Social constructionism and relativism: An aporia?. Dialogue 57: 303–321.

Klenk M. (2013) Comment: The Form of Expectation Considerations on Social Structure. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 20(3–4): 173–187.

Krippendorff K. (1996) A second-order cybernetics of otherness. Systems Research 13(3): 311–328.

Krueger J. (2021) Enactivism, other minds, and mental disorders. Synthese 198: 365–389.

Kynigos C. (2015) Designing Constructionist E-Books: New Mediations for Creative Mathematical Thinking?. Constructivist Foundations 10(3): 305–313.

Lenartowicz M. (2015) The nature of the university. Higher Education 69(6): 947–961.

Lenartowicz M., Weinbaum D. & Braathen P. (2016) The individuation of social systems: A cognitive framework. Procedia Computer Science 88: 15–20.

Lepskiy V. (2018) Evolution of cybernetics: Philosophical and methodological analysis. Kybernetes 47(2): 249–261.

Luhmann N. (1982) The world society as a social system. International Journal of General Systems 8(3): 131–138.

Luhmann N. (1989) Law as a social system. Northwestern University Law Review 83: 136–150.

Luhmann N. (2006) System as difference. Organization 13(1): 37–57.

Lünenborg M. (2017) Von Mediengattungen zu kontingenten Hybriden: Konstruktivistische und performativitätstheoretische Perspektiven für die Journalistik. M&K Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft 65(2): 367–384.

Mingers J. (1989) An Introduction to Autopoiesis – Implications and Applications. Systems Practice 2(2): 159–180.

Mingers J. (1992) The problems of social autopoiesis. International Journal of General Systems 21(2): 229–236.

Mingers J. (1996) A comparison of Maturana’s autopoietic social theory and Giddens’ theory of structuration. Systems Research 13(3): 469–482.

Mingers J. (1997) A critical evaluation of Maturana’s constructivist family therapy. Systems Practice 10(2): 137–151.

Mora G. (1976) Vico and Piaget: Parallels and differences. Social Research 43(4): 699–712.

Morus I. R. (2015) Science: Constructivist perspectives, history of. In: Wright J. D. (ed.) International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences. Second edition. Volume 21Elsevier, Amsterdam: 225–228.

Murray D. (2007) Systems for Social Sustainability: Global Connectedness and the Tuvalu Test. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 14(1): 87–105.

Müller K. H. (2008) Methodologizing Radical Constructivism. Recipes for RC-Designs in the Social Sciences. Constructivist Foundations 4(1): 50–61.

Neimeyer R. A. & Torres C. (2015) Constructivism and constructionism: Methodology. In: Wright J. D. (ed.) International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences. Second edition. Volume 4Elsevier, Amsterdam: 724–728.

Neimeyer R. A. & Winter D. A. (2015) Constructivist theory and psychotherapy. In: Wright J. D. (ed.) International encyclopedia of the social & sciences. Second edition. Volume 4Elsevier, Amsterdam: 729–732.

Noe E. & Alrøe H. F. (2006) Combining Luhmann and Actor-Network Theory to See Farm Enterprises as Self-organizing Systems. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 13(1): 34–48.

North A. (2016) A Millennial Mistake: Three Arguments Against Radical Social Constructivism. Journal of Counseling & Development 94(1): 114–122.

Ostrom C. S., Martin W. J. & Zacharakis J. (2008) Autopoiesis and the cosmology of postmodern adult education. Adult Education Quarterly 58(4): 299–317.

Palmaru R. (2012) Making Sense and Meaning: On the Role of Communication and Culture in the Reproduction of Social Systems. Constructivist Foundations 8(1): 63-75.

Palmer K. (2013) Special Systems Theory. Accepted for the Complex Adaptive Systems Conference of 2013 and 2014 but not be presented.

Porr B. & Di Prodi P. (2014) Subsystem Formation Driven by Double Contingency. Constructivist Foundations 9(2): 199–211.

Pors J. G. (2015) Is the System Badly Named? Noise as the Paradoxical (Non-)foundation of Social Systems Theory. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(4): 75–89.

Pouw W. T. J. L. & de Jong H. L. (2015) Rethinking situated and embodied social psychology. Theory & Psychology 25(4): 411–433.

Praetorius N. (2003) Inconsistences in the assumptions of constructivism and naturalism. Theory & Psychology 13(4): 511–539.

Radosavljevic M. (2008) Autopoiesis vs. social autopoiesis: Critical evaluation and implications for understanding firms as autopoietic social systems. International Journal of General Systems 37(2): 215–230.

Raskin J. D. & Neimeyer R. A. (2003) Coherent constructivism: A response to Mackay. Theory & Psychology 13: 431–443.

Ratner C. (2006) Epistemological, social, and political conundrums in social constructionism. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research. 7(1): 4.

Reichertz J. (2017) Die Bedeutung des kommunikativen Handelns und der Medien im Kommunikativen Konstruktivismus. M&K Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft 65(2): 252–274.

Reid D. A. (2014) The coherence of enactivism and mathematics education research: A case study. Avant 5(2): 137–172.

Richards L. D. & Young R. K. (1996) Propositions on cybernetics and social transformation: Implications of von Foerster’s non-trivial machine for knowledge processes. Systems Research 13(3): 363–370.

Richards L. D. (2007) Connecting Radical Constructivism to Social Transformation and Design. Constructivist Foundations 2(2-3): 129–135.

Richards L. D. (2013) Idea avoidance: Reflections of a conference and its language. Kybernetes 42(9/10): 1464–1470.

Riegler A. & Scholl A. (2012) Niklas Luhmann and the Sociological Turn in Constructivism. Constructivist Foundations 8(1): 1–4.

Riegler A. & Steffe L. P. (2014) “What Is the Teacher Trying to Teach Students if They Are All Busy Constructing Their Own Private Worlds?”: Introduction to the Special Issue. Constructivist Foundations 9(3): 297–301.

Robb F. F. (1992) Autopoiesis and supra-human systems. International Journal of General Systems 21(2): 197–205.

Rolla G. & Figueiredo N. (2021) Bringing forth a world, literally. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences Online first.

Rolla G. (2018) Radically enactive high cognition. Revista Dissertatio de Filosofia 47: 26–41.

Roth S. & Clark C. & Berkel J. (2017) The fashionable functions reloaded: An updated Google Ngram view of trends in functional differentiation (1800-2000). In: Mesquita A. (ed.) Research paradigms and contemporary perspectives on human-technology interactionIGI Global, Hershey: 236–265.

Roth S. & Schutz A. (2015) Ten Systems: Toward a Canon of Function Systems. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 22(4): 11–31.

Roth S. (2016) Growth and function: a viral research program for next organisations. International Journal of Technology Management 72(4): 296–309.

Sandoval Moya J. (2010) Construccionismo, conocimiento y realidad: Una lectura crítica desde la psicología social [Constructionism, knowledge and reality: A critical reading from social psychology]. Revista Mad 23: 31–37.

Schatten M. & Bača M. (2010) A critical review of autopoietic theory and its applications to living, social, organizational and information systems. Journal of General Social Issues 19(4–5): 837–852.

Schaurhofer M. & Markus F. P. M. F. (2005) Autonomy: starting point and goal of personal and social change: A constructivist perspective on knowledge management in empowerment processes. Kybernetes 34(1/2): 261–277.

Scholl A. (2012) Author’s Response: What Constructivism Does not Say. Constructivist Foundations 8(1): 15–18.

Scholl A. (2012) Between Realism and Constructivism? Luhmann’s Ambivalent Epistemological Standpoint. Constructivist Foundations 8(1): 5–12.

Schultz E. A. (2010) Fear of scandalous knowledge: Arguing about coherence in scientific theory and practice. Reviews in Anthropology 39(4): 313–343.

Scott B. (2001) Cybernetics and the social sciences. Systems Research 18: 411–420.

Scott B. (2007) Facilitating organisational change: some sociocybernetic principles. Journal of Organisational Transformation and Organisational Change 4(1): 3–14.

Scott B. (2009) The role of sociocybernetics in understanding world futures. Kybernetes 38(6): 867–882.

Seidl D. & Becker K. H. (2006) Organizations as distinction generating and processing systems: Niklas Luhmann’s contribution to organization studies. Organization 13(1): 9–35.

Sridharan V. (2015) Beyond consensual domains: Enactivism, social representations and third-order unities. Culture & Psychology 21(2): 259–275.

Stern J. M. (2007) Cognitive constructivism, eigen-solutions, and sharp statistical hypotheses. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 14(1): 9–36.

Strle T. (2018) Looping minds: How cognitive science exerts influence on its findings. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 16(4): 533–544.

Taylor P. C. (2015) Constructivism. In: Gunstone R. (ed.) Encyclopaedia of science educationSpringer, New York: 218–224.

Teubner G. (2001) Alienating justice: On the surplus value of the twelfth camel. In: Pribáñ J. & Nelken D. (eds.) Law’s new boundaries: The consequences of legal autopoiesisAshgate, Aldershot: 21–44.

Thompson P. W. (2014) Constructivism in mathematics education. In: Lerman S. (ed.) Encyclopedia of mathematics educationSpringer, Berlin: 96–102.

Thompson P. W. (2020) Constructivism in mathematics education. In: Lerman S. (ed.) Encyclopedia of mathematics education. Second editionSpringer, Cham: 128–134.

Turpin M. (2017) Autopoiesis and structuration theory: A framework to investigate the contribution of a development project to a rural community. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 34(6): 671–685.

Umpleby S. A. (2016) Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science. Constructivist Foundations 11(3): 455–465.

Umpleby S. A., Medvedeva T. A. & Lepskiy V. (2019) Recent developments in cybernetics. from cognition to social systems Cybernetics and Systems : Latest Articles.

Urrestarazu H. (2014) Social Autopoiesis?. Constructivist Foundations 9(2): 153–166.

Vanderstraeten R. (2000) Autopoiesis and socialization: On Luhmann’s reconceptualization of communication and socialization. British Journal of Sociology 51(3): 581–598.

Vanderstraeten R. (2002) Parsons, Luhmann and the theorem of double contingency. Journal of Classical Sociology 2: 77–92.

Verheggen T. & Baerveldt C. (2007) We don’t share! The social representation approach, enactivism and the ground for an intrinsically social Psychology. Culture & Psychology 13(1): 5–27.

Verheggen T. & Baerveldt C. (2012) Mixed up perspectives: Reply to Chryssides et al. and Daanen and their critique of enactive cultural psychology. Culture & Psychology 18(2): 272–284.

Vowe G. (2017) Theoretische Ansätze als kommunikative Konstruktionen: Optionen und Konsequenzen einer konstruktivistischen Erklärung der Wissenschaftsentwicklung. M&K Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft 65(2): 236–251.

Wood E. & Bennett N. (1998) Teachers’ theories of play: Constructivist or social constructivist?. Early Child Development and Care 140(1): 17–30.

Young R. A. & Collin A. (2004) Introduction: Constructivism and social constructionism in the career field. Journal of Vocational Behaviour 64(3): 373–388.

Zaslawski N. (2018) Neurodialectics: A Proposal for Philosophy of Cognitive and Social Sciences. Constructivist Foundations 14(1): 42–55.

Zeleny M. (1985) Spontaneous social orders. International Journal of General Systems 11: 2–117.

de Bruin L. & de Haan S. (2009) Enactivism & social cognition: In search of the whole story. Cognitive Semiotics 4(1): 225–250.

de Haan S. (2017) The existential dimension in psychiatry: An enactive framework. Mental Health. Religion and Culture 20(6): 528–535.

de Haan S. (2021) Bio-psycho-social interaction: An enactive perspective. International Review of Psychiatry 33(5): 471–477.

kurtz T. (2013) Occupation as a Form and the Theory of Society. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 20(1–2): 127–140.